VI International Conference
"Atmosphere, Ionosphere, Safety" (AIS-2018)

Kaliningrad, Russia, June 03-09, 2018

Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, RAS
Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation, RAS
Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Moscow Physical Society



 
 
 
 
 
 

SECTIONS

The Conference Program of VI AIS-2018 assumes the following Sections:

«Elementary processes in the upper
atmosphere and ionosphere
» (section E)

Chair G.V. Golubkov

Reports on the dynamics of elementary processes with participation of the electronically excited and charged particles including ionization, recombination, quenching of excited states, and the recharging and exchange reactions will be presented. The modern quantum chemical methods of the potential energy surface calculations of the interacting atmospheric particles are also included. The dynamic of collisional and radiative processes in the lower ionosphere caused by the flux of the electrons from the ionosphere during periods of solar activity and under action of radiation entering to the Earth’s atmosphere will be discussed. The spectral profiles of the additional background radiation of the collective Rydberg states in the ionospheric D and E layers in the decimeter and terahertz ranges will be considered. The elementary processes in a field of intense laser radiation will be discussed also. We will discuss the processes of microwave radiation that actively affects on living organisms.

«Atmospheric-ionospheric relations» (section D)

Chair I.V. Karpov

Reports on the following directions of researches will be presented: (I) formation of perturbation sources in the atmosphere and the ionosphere related to disasters phenomena (earthquakes, typhoons, volcanic eruptions, technogenic catastrophes, etc.); (II) ionosphere response to influences of various origins (electric currents, acoustic waves, radioactivity, etc.); (III) generation and propagation of the electromagnetic and plasma perturbations in the ionosphere; (IV) meteorological effects in the ionosphere, wave-like disturbances in the atmosphere-ionosphere system, nonlinear wave-wave interactions, tidal and planetary wave-type oscillations in the atmosphere and ionosphere, ets.

«Ionospheric-magnetospheric relations» (section F)

Chair M.V. Klimenko

The coupling between Earth’s magnetosphere and ionosphere is essential to the transfer of energy and particle acceleration in the Solar-Terrestrial system. The dynamic coupling is usually accompanied by the generation of intense field-aligned currents and acceleration of electrons and ions and is typically characterized by magnetic perturbations observed by ground magnetometers, or magnetic and plasma observations from low-altitude spacecraft and magnetospheric observations. These dynamic processes exist at nearly all spatial and temporal scales and leads to essential changes in ionospheric radio wave propagation. This section will examine the details of the ionospheric physics (including radio wave propagation problem), ionosphere-magnetosphere coupling processes and space plasma physics using results from measurements, theory and modeling. Topics that will be discussed include the ionospheric and magnetospheric plasma irregularities, the wave-particle interaction in the outer magnetosphere, the effects of the low energy ionospheric plasma on the stability of the more energetic plasmas in the magnetosphere, the role of high-energy particle precipitation, currents and electric/magnetic fields in magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling, the magnetic substorm morphology, the unified global modeling of the ionosphere and magnetosphere, the sources of traveling ionospheric disturbances, the ionospheric response to geomagnetic storms, technique methodology and validation of ionospheric observation, ionospheric radio wave propagation.

«Electromagnetic and optical phenomena
in the atmosphere including long-lived and plasma objects
» (section P)

Chair V.L. Bychkov

Reports on the lightning and ball lightning generation processes accompanied by the disaster phenomena will be considered. Questions of unconventional plasmas, long-lived objects, their experimental and theoretical modeling will be represented. The dynamics of distribution and interaction of the nanoscaled, large plasma and long-lived formations with the substances and biological objects in the atmosphere will be offered.

 «Information systems of the environment
monitoring and the accident prevention
» (section S)

Chair L.S. Chudnovsky

Reports on chemical physics processes in the D-and E-layers of the atmosphere will be presented in this section. They traditionally include radiative and collisional processes of recombination, ionization, excitation and quenching of atmospheric components. Particular attention will be paid to an increase in total electron content (TEC), flux and temperature of free electrons under the influence of solar activity. Recently it was discovered experimentally that the nonequilibrium two-temperature plasma is formed under these conditions. Last theoretical calculations have shown that Rydberg states of atoms and molecules are highly populated in such plasma. The interaction of highly excited atoms and molecules with neutral particles of the medium leads to noticeable radiation of upper atmosphere in the decimetric range. This microwave radiation is incoherent and is responsible for a significant carrier/noise decrease for satellite navigation systems (i.e. GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, etc.). The main reason of sharp carrier/noise decrease is due to the processes of absorption and reradiation of electromagnetic wave (combinational scattering) on Rydberg atoms and molecules in D-layer of atmosphere. It is evident, that GPS signal reradiation leads to sufficient positioning error. The physical and chemical causes for the formation of “transparency windows” for decimetric range will be considered in details. We also plan to examine the possible mechanisms of the group and phase delays of satellite signals as they propagate through the D-and E-layers of the atmosphere.

«Novel Methods for Environmental
Control and Monitoring» (Section M)

Chair A.I. Kokorin

This section should provide an overview of the state-of-the-art and application perspectives of modern physical-chemical methods in the area of environmental control and monitoring in atmosphere, water, solid materials, soils, wastes, animal and human bodies. Such methods and technologies as EPR, NMR, tomography, optical and IR- spectroscopy, chromatography, laser technique, thermography, etc, are appreciated. Scientists working in the field of basic research and application of these methods to environmental chemistry, safety and monitoring are invited to participate.

«Combustion and Pollution:
Environmental Impact»(section C)

Chair S.M. Frolov

This section is implied to provide an overview of the state-of-the-art in the intrincically interrelated disciplines: combustion technology and physical chemistry of atmospheric pollution. Research scientists working in the field of combustion propulsion, fire and explosion safety, atmospheric chemistry and environmental protection are invited to participate.

«Methods and techniques for remote sensing and identification of hazardous chemicals in the atmosphere and different surfaces»(section T)

Chair A.N. Morozov

Questions related to physical principles of chemical compounds detection in the air and on a variety of surfaces by remote in-situ methods is considered. Special attention is paid to the methods of optical molecular spectroscopy. Problems and prospects, concerning technical means of remote detection and identification of substances, including technical systems based on the techniques of photoluminescence, infrared Fourier spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, infrared laser spectroscopy by means of quantum cascade lasers are discussed.

«Effects of ionization of the atmosphere. Natural and technogenic disasters»(section N)

Chair S.A. Pulinets

The topic of the section is devoted to a new direction of research into the ionization effects on the thermodynamic and electrodynamic properties of the atmosphere. Sources of ionization can be different: natural radioactivity of the Earth, galactic and solar cosmic rays, natural and artificial electric discharges, radioactive sources that appear as a result of accidents at nuclear cycle plants and nuclear power plants. But the effect of any ionization source is the explosive process of nucleation of aerosol particles (cluster ions), the generation of thermal anomalies and local changes in the electrical properties of the atmosphere (conductivity, vertical current), leading to the creation of local anomalies in the Earth’s ionosphere.
Technologies based on the use of ionization effects can be applied in the fields of forecast the earthquake or tropical hurricanes and typhoons formation, remote sensing of accidents at nuclear power plants and radioactive contamination of environment, and to develop methods for active weather and climate correction.

 

The Conference Scientific Program will include the invited plenary and keynote lectures, oral presentations, and poster sessions. We would like kindly to invite all scientists interested in understanding and exploring chemical and physical processes in atmosphere and ionosphere for an exciting 7-day scientific summer event to Kaliningrad. Once again, we will meet in Zelenogradsk, a tiny town at the sand shore of the Baltic sea, the root of the Kuronian spit. The summer sunny and warm (not hot, very comfortable) weather is guaranteed.